Information Disclaimer: This is an unofficial collection
of European road sign conventions and rules. Whereas every effort has been
taken to ensure the accuracy of the information presented, there may be
errors and omissions. The entire risk as to results and performance of
the information rests with its user.
of Great Importance Re.: One Way Street:
The left sign is posted at the permitted entrances,
and the right sign the same as in the USA.
Sign A faces parallel with the traffic, similarly as in the USA, saying the equivalent of "One Way" (Einbahnstraße, sens unique, dirección única, senso ùnico); whereas sign B is placed where a one-way street ends and two-way traffic begins.
Re. Mandatory directions:
mandatory right turn ahead
turn right here
only straight ahead
pass by here on the right
The sign "pass by here on the right"
(or left) is usually posted as a safety measure at traffic islands,
usually close to pavement level (~ 1 m). It is to take care of the traffic
hazard an unmarked traffic island tends to present.
The meanings (left to right):
Recommended speed (example 80 km/h) ........and its cancellation
Minimum speed (example 30 km/h) .................and its
"Speed limit" (example 60 km/h)....................
and its cancellation sign.
Re. "no passing", and general cancellation:
The pair of signs on the left commands "no passing,"
and cancellation of no passing.
The general cancellation sign (i.e. third sign) marks the end of all local
prohibitions imposed on moving traffic.
Re. Prohibitory signs in general:
These are two examples.
All prohibitory signs are designed with the conspicuous red circle.
Examples are the signs for speed limit and no passing.
The empty red circle (on the left) prohibits vehicular access of any kind.
The sign on the right is to prohibit access to any vehicle with four wheels.
The rightsign is typical for several signs with
a red circle enclosing, for example, a truck, a car with trailer,
a bus, a number, say, x (meaning to keep a distance of at least x metre
to the vehicle in front). A weight (e.g. 5,5 t) means no entry for vehicles weighing
at least that much. Note, 1 t = 1 000 kg.
Re. Informatory signs:
The sign on the left denotes dead-end
The sign in the middle is to announce the Autobahn
exitto Mainz and Wiesbaden,
and the sign on the right is posted at this exit (Ausfahrt).
Note, informatory signs on the German and Austrian Autobahn
are white on blue, on the Swiss Autobahn white on green, etc.
Note there is a deceleration lane, to be used by all Autobahn exiting traffic.
Re. Warning signs:
, note also
There being many warning signs, we actually show only these six and
refer to the table below, where expanations are given. Note the permissive
type of sign on the far right. It gives pedestrians the priority right
to cross at the zebra-stiped pedestrian crossing, complementary to the
sign e warning of the pedestrian crossing ahead.
Caution when sign d
is encountered: slow down (new speed usually posted) and look for the
yellow (orange) markings on the pavement; and, do not drive by the side
of a truck!
Warning signs (all are triangles, the above type)
Opposing vertical arrows
Descent left-to-right 10%
Down-grade at the rate indicated
ascent left-to-right ____%
Up-grade at the rate indicated
Man crossing zebra stripes
Road crossing (
vehicle from right has right of way)
Curve ahead in the sense shown
Double-curve in sequence (left versus right) shown