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Flag of Tromelin Island
Map of Tromelin Island
Introduction Tromelin Island
First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.
Geography Tromelin Island
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates:
15 52 S, 54 25 E
Map references:
total: 1 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1 sq km
Area - comparative:
about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
3.7 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
low, flat, and sandy; likely volcanic
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Natural resources:
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (grasses; scattered bushes) (2001)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
Geography - note:
climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)
People Tromelin Island
uninhabited, except for visits by scientists (July 2004 est.)
Government Tromelin Island
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Tromelin Island
local short form: Ile Tromelin
local long form: none
Dependency status:
possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion
Legal system:
the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
the flag of France is used
Economy Tromelin Island
Economy - overview:
no economic activity
Communications Tromelin Island
Communications - note:
important meteorological station
Transportation Tromelin Island
Ports and harbors:
none; offshore anchorage only
1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2003 est.)
Military Tromelin Island
Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of France
Transnational Issues Tromelin Island
Disputes - international:
claimed by Mauritius

This page was last updated on 30 November, 2004